Polluted Air Quality Component Analysis from Stack Emission and its Hazardous Consequences on Human Health

M. K Khan,, S. R. Gilani, K. P. Bhatti


The health impacts of air pollution have received more attention and have recently been subject to extensive study. Exposures to air pollutants have been linked to lung and cardiovascular disease and increases in both hospital admissions and mortality.

The present research work was designed to monitor and estimate the Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Sulphur oxides (SOx), CO and Particulate Matter that correlates with climate parameters and check its hazards effect on human health. The research work was executed at Department of Chemistry with the collaboration of Environmental Laboratories Sheikhupura by Dragger tube which is fast and reliable method, with some classical absorption method. Pollutant concentration at source emission was measured. The questionnaires about the health of employees were also asked to check the hazardous effect on human health. The obtained results were compared with the guidelines of Environment Protection Department which are known as National Environmental Quality Standard (NEQS). Out of twenty, fifteen were found exceeding the NEQS limits. Employees who are working in the highly polluted industries were mostly suffering from lungs diseases. Overall, only five industries emissions were found safe according to Punjab environment protection department guidelines. 

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